The RAF Museum introduced a few days in the past that their distinctive Hawker Typhoon Mk.Ib MN235 is now absolutely re-assembled and again on formal show at their London campus, the previous RAF Hendon. The plane had been on mortgage for a lot of the previous 4 years at the Canada Aviation & Area Museum. Though it arrived again within the UK in mid-April, it has taken a moderately circuitous route again house to Hendon, the place it arrived in a disassembled state in mid-October. Whereas the fuselage has been on show in the primary corridor because it arrived, it wasn’t till the top of November that a crew put her again collectively once more. MN235 is the only remaining unique and full Typhoon left in existence, and even that’s due solely to the airframe having been transferred to the USA throughout WWII for testing. Each different instance was both misplaced in a crash or scrapped by the late 1940s, though there are a selection of partial airframes nonetheless on the market, with at least two of those forming the idea for at present lively airworthy restorations. MN235 by no means noticed fight throughout WWII, nevertheless it nonetheless had an fascinating service life. We’ve reproduced the RAF Museum’s plane historical past card right here for our readers to study these particulars. There are additionally remarks at its closing relating to the unfinished Typhoons nonetheless in existence.
Ordered by Air Ministry from Hawker Plane Ltd, contract no.943/SAS/C.23 (A). Sub-contracted by Hawker Plane Ltd to Gloster Aeroplane Co Ltd, sub-contract no.B.12148/39. Glosters constructed all however 15 of the three,317 Typhoons constructed.
1944: Constructed by the Gloster Aeroplane Co Ltd at Hucclecote, Gloucester. Fitted with 2,180hp Napier Sabre IIA Engine. Given airframe No.153219. A part of Typhoon batch MN229 – MN269 which shaped a part of the fifth manufacturing batch of 800 plane, delivered Dec 43 -Jun 44.
eight Feb 44: First flight at Hucclecote Aerodrome, Glos – a 40 minute flight flown by Squadron Chief Allan H Smith DFC, serving as a check pilot for the Gloster plane firm on relaxation after finishing his first operational tour with No 486 (NZ) Squadron. Squadron Chief Smith later commented that it should have been a very good plane as a result of he signed it ‘off test’ for supply to the RAF after 40 minutes flying with none faults that might require one other check flight. See logbook copy DoRIS ref. MF10029/12.
16 Feb 44: Off contract and allotted to 51 MU Lichfield, Staffs for storage.
Mar 44: Allotted to USA for flight analysis, in response to a USAAF requirement to research the Typhoons’ potential as a fighter-bomber and to extend its gasoline capability.
12 Mar 44: To 47 MU RAF Sealand, Cheshire for packing.
24 Mar 44: Shipped to New York on the `SS American Producer’.
16 Apr 44: Arrived in New York. Final entry on motion card.
6 Might 44: To Wright Area, Ohio
After arrival in america the Typhoon was meant for fighter comparability and analysis trials by the USAAF. On an unknown date it was issued with the Flight Check analysis serial quantity T2-491/FE-491, although it’s thought that it didn’t fly with this quantity utilized. The `FE’ stood for `Overseas Experimental’. The plane was evaluated at Wright-Patterson Air Drive Base, Dayton, Ohio. Resulting from altering necessities the Typhoon didn’t undertake the check programme initially envisaged and following a minor accident after solely 9 hours flying was put into retailer.
Examination of the plane as a part of the evaluation of its situation after 21 years at Hendon revealed that on the starboard aspect of the cockpit there’s a small picket container marked `Airplane Defect Stories’.
The plane additionally carries, on the reverse of a detachable panel under the cockpit (port aspect) a `Knowledge Case’ that has the next pencilled on it: `P38-G-Three-LO, Plane 42-12791′. If that is certainly from a P-38 Lightning then these would appear to be two small modifications made by the People throughout their temporary analysis of the plane.
Jul 44: Famous at Freeman Area, and photographed 6 Jul 44 after meeting. Photograph assembled in USA – Aeroplane June 2004 p.82.
24 Jul 46: Once more at Freeman Area. Engine ready for storage. Complete flying hours – 9.
03 Jan 49: Allotted to the Nationwide Air Museum and ultimately positioned in crated storage at the reserve assortment of the Smithsonian Institute, Washington. Apparently by no means on public show while in USA.
On this date the plane handed from USAAF possession however its location remained unchanged – Chicago Orchard Place Airport, Park Ridge, Illinois, used for storage of museum plane since late 1948. It seems to have been dismantled for storage by this date.
Additionally transferred was a spare Napier engine despatched out with the plane in 1944 – in 2016 this remained in retailer, full and in good situation, with the Smithsonian Establishment.
Aug 1953: Letter in Air Pictorial (web page 249) from Keith Boyer, who had seen `a Hawker Plane’ serialled MN235 – The Typhoon – at O’Hare Worldwide Airport, Chicago. Air Pictorial mis-identified the plane as a Hurricane, regardless of the appropriately quoted serial quantity. The plane was saved for a future Nationwide Air Museum together with some 135 different plane.
Within the late 1940s, Common Henry `Hap’ Arnold, Chief of Employees of the US Military Air Pressure, collected collectively sixty WW2 plane from everywhere in the world and had them saved in an unused Douglas Plane Firm manufacturing unit at Park Ridge, Chicago, Illinois. Nevertheless the plane – presumably together with the Typhoon – have been evicted when the manufacturing unit re-opened in1952 with the on-going Korean Struggle. The manufacturing unit website later turned O’Hare Worldwide Airport. After a interval of exterior retailer the plane have been crated by the point Mr Boyer noticed them, they usually have been moved to the newly acquired storage facility at Silver Hill, Suitland, Maryland by early 1955 from whence the Typhoon was extracted in 1967. That is now the Paul E. Garber facility of the Nationwide Air and Area Museum.
Apr 67: RAFM request to Smithsonian for Typhoon to be returned to the UK. Plane ready for cargo.
Jul 67: Introduced to RAFM by Smithsonian. Hurricane IIc LF686/5270M given in change by RAF 1969.
four Jan 68: Shipped again to England from Baltimore to Liverpool Docks on S.S. Samaria. Taken by street to 71 MU Bicester for survey of labor wanted for restoration.
9 Apr 68: Transported by street by 71 MU to 27 MU Shawbury for restoration to show situation by a largely civilian group, restoration starting 26 April 1968.
Arrived in UK lacking one 20mm cannon, spinner, most engine cowlings, starboard aileron, undercarriage elements, radiator/oil cooler unit, aspect panels under cockpit and numerous inspection panels.
The lacking cannon was changed from RAFM shares; the spinner was tailored from a HP Hastings spinner and different elements have been made by 27 MU. The plane was in usually good situation with solely slight corrosion.
Alternative engine cowlings have been created from sheet aluminium, and the lacking radiator was changed by a cut-down Bedford lorry unit made to appear to be the unique from the entrance at least. The unfinished state of the plane delayed the restoration group who had hoped to have the plane prepared for the Royal Evaluate of the RAF at Abingdon in June 1968; the meant show of the plane on Horse Guards Parade September 1968 additionally needed to be postponed. See Type 700 issued at 27 MU 19 November 1968 – DB351.
19 Nov 68: Restoration accomplished and plane previously introduced to Dr John Tanner of the RAFM by Wg Cdr D A Gifkins, CO of 27 MU. Plane remained in retailer at Shawbury. Pictures: Plane Illustrated Feb 69 p.48; Aero Modeller Feb 69 p.63; Royal Air Drive Information 14 Dec 1968. Color photographs at Shawbury – Plane Illustrated Apr 71 p.151 and Wrecks and Relics – The album p.55; Hawker Typhoon Particular Mach 1 (Thomas) p.13; Flypast Might 2008 p.20.
Feb 1972: Repainted by 27 MU at Shawbury.
By Nov 1972: Moved to Hendon for Museum opening and displayed in Camm Corridor space ever since. This space is now often known as the `Fighter Corridor’.
1994: Centrepiece of `D-Day’ show – some repainting scheduled.
`Invasion’ stripes utilized to wings and fuselage. Photographs as latterly displayed – Aviation Information February 2014 p.78; Flypast Might 2014 p.10.
four Nov 2013: Dismantling underway for transfer to MBCC RAFM Cosford for consideration.
Removing of the cannon fairings revealed traces of the unique wartime paint scheme on the wing vanguard – yellow vanguard band, higher floor gray and even clearly delineated black underside stripes – unique Typhoon identification stripes to keep away from confusion with Fw190.
7 Nov 2013: By street to MBCC at RAFM Cosford. Pictures as delivered – Flypast January 2014 p.7 and April 2014 p.32; February 2014 pp. 90-91; Wrecks and Relics 24th Version (2014). Repainted in consultant markings of a Typhoon of No 440 Squadron RCAF, codes I8-T; fuselage repainted by 10 March 2014. Pictures of fuselage and wings; Napier Heritage Information 83 Spring 2014-cover; Flightpath Vol 25 No four p.27, 2014.
Nov 2013: Excavations by the volunteer Freeman Subject Restoration workforce discovered the entire lacking Typhoon Radiator core and at least one engine cowling amongst different buried plane elements, plus an entire Typhoon major undercarriage leg, propeller blades and different spares.
Photograph of radiator – Britain at Struggle Journal Jan 2014 p.12.
eight Might 2014: Despatched by street to RAF Brize Norton en path to Canada for mortgage to the Canada Aviation and Area Museum, Rockliffe, Ottawa. Flown out by RCAF C-17, 17 Might 2014. Photograph being unloaded – Basic Wings Problem 93 p.15.
four June 2014: Following meeting, towed from conservation hangar to primary show corridor at Rockcliffe. Formal unveiling on 6 June 2014 – 70th anniversary of D-Day. Pictures on show; Flypast August 2014 p.16; Aeroplane August 2014 p.eight; Flightpath Vol 26 No 1 (2014) p.6..
12 Apr 2018: Arrived again in UK by way of Liverpool docks.
18 Apr 2018: Following its return from Canada, to short-term storage at RAF Museum Stafford.
23 July 2018: By street from Stafford – Briefly on mortgage to BAE Techniques/RAF Coningsby. ‘Rolled Out’ at Coningsby on 27 July. Photographs- Aeroplane September 2018 p.eight.; Aviation Information September 2018 p.22; Britain at Warfare September 2018 p.6. For show in BBMF hangar.
18 Oct 2018: Returned by street from RAF Coningsby to Hendon
26-28 Nov 2018: Re-assembled at Hendon and positioned again on public show
Incomplete Typhoon Survivors Listing:
MN235 is the only surviving full Typhoon. Nevertheless, a number of cockpit sections survive and type a fluctuating and steadily moved pool of restoration tasks which might be fairly troublesome to maintain monitor of:
- Mk.IB sectioned IWM, Duxford. On show in important Superhangar on mezzanine.
- R7708 Mk.1B (Automotive Door) Peter Smith, Kent BoB Museum Hawkinge (ex 609 Sqn/Pegwell Bay). Id from recovered elements.
- Phil Earthy, Norwich – previously held a set of elements, Mk.1B.Undertaking moved on by 1998.
- Mk.1B Ex the late Mike Cookman, Leeds. Later bought to Brian Barnes, Coventry recognized as `JR505′. Photograph: Wingspan Aug 95 p.50. Previously at Midland Air Museum; fwd fuselage body; presently in retailer.
- Mk.1B Beforehand with Barry Subject/Museum of D-Day Aviation, Shoreham airport (bought 2003 – with engine-now moved to France) Composite utilizing unique Typhoon and Tempest elements.
- Roger Marley, Shrewsbury, was developing a considerable Typhoon IB cockpit/fuselage part ‘JP843/PR-L’ incorporating unique cockpit, firewall, entrance and rear spar, controls and devices. Photograph – Flypast September 2010 p.85. Rear fuselage of Sea Fury FB.II VW589, ex Malta 1989, additionally held for the undertaking – beforehand with Peter Smith at Hawkinge. Undertaking acquired for export to Canada, 2015. See www.typhoonlegacy.com. A considerable part of Typhoon port wing, ex Belgium, was recognized within the USA in 2016 and purchased for the JP843 restoration undertaking.
- Mk.1B ‘car door’ variant Ex scrapyard ahead fuselage with Gloucestershire Aviation Assortment (Jet Age Museum) ex Brockworth and Twyford, Recovered from Flowers yard, Chippenham by Retro Monitor & Air UK 1998. See http://forum.keypublishing.com/showthread.php?141512-J-A-M-Car-door-Typhoon-rebuild BAPC .363.
- Mk.1B Cockpit – Beforehand with Air Defence Assortment, Salisbury-at Boscombe Down 2004; to Aero Enterprise, Doncaster, by 2008, together with one other Typhoon I cockpit part, ex Staverton – each unidentified, and on mortgage from Naylan Moore’s Basic Plane Assortment.
- EJ922 Mk.1B. Beforehand with Kent BoB Museum, Hawkinge Previously with Peter Smith (Ex No.Three Squadron, SOC 13/Three/47; Brownhills in 1977 and Mike Cookman) To Hawker Typhoon Preservation Group, Uckfield, East Sussex, for rebuild venture incorporating a rear fuselage part previously preserved in Holland, initially at the Luchtvaartmuseum, Twenthe, and latterly at Fort Veldhuis, imported into the UK in 2013 for this Dave Robinson Typhoon 1B rebuild undertaking. That is from No 174 Squadron IB XP-W/RB396, force-landed 1 April 1945. (Photograph; Flypast July 2006 p.15, Basic Wings 89 p.54); see www.hawkertyphoon.com for rebuild undertaking
- And probably a pair of wings in France. Former 609 Squadron.
- Volkel Air Pressure Base, Netherlands show the engine, propeller and radiator of Typhoon IB RB250 which crashed on 13 April 1945 – photograph Flypast September 2013 p.10.
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